The hardy cedar, in particular the eastern white cedar, provides a popular evergreen with needle-like leaves prickly to the touch. These trees are commonly native to North Temperate regions and most of them are popularly cultivated for their attractive foliage and incredible height. Elms used to be associated with melancholy and death, probably because the trees can drop dead branches without warning. Symptoms begin with leaf curling on the upper branches, according to the USDA Forest Service. The Cedar Elm is an extremely drought tolerant and adaptable tree which makes it an excellent shade tree for landscapes in Dallas, Texas. Often, browning is a sign that the tree is dying. Another telltale sign is vertical streaks in the underbark. It won't harm the tree but will cause leaf drop and some unsightly foliage. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, leaf of an elm 3 image by Alexander Oshvintsev from, USDA Forest Service: How to Identify and Manage Dutch Elm Disease, University of Tennessee Extension: Bacterial Wetwood Disease of Trees, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service: Anthracnose and Other Common Leaf Diseases of Deciduous Shade Trees. It is very drought-tolerant once established and tolerates wet soil well. Ulmus crassifolia Nutt., the Texas cedar elm or simply cedar elm, is a deciduous tree native to south central North America, mainly in southern and eastern Texas, southern Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana, with small populations in western Mississippi, southwest Tennessee and north central Florida; it also occurs in northeastern Mexico. The cedar elm is native to the North American south. Cedar elms are not as affected as other elm species, but are still in danger. The symptoms include a profusion of sap on the outside of the trunk or branches, that when it hits the air, turns brown. The wings are irregular and sometimes look more like knots than wings. The fungus can move through the root system and kill other elm trees. In recent years it has become more susceptible to mildew which discolors the foliage to a brown color in late summer. Foliage of Cedar Elm. Blackspot presents first as yellow or white spots on the leaves. It is a fairly smooth and fine textured bark.FOLIAGE:  Simple, alternate and small 1 to 2 inch long, oval and sandpapery to the touch. It is the most common elm tree in Texas. A slow-growing tree, the cedar elm grows to a height of 90 feet. Both, the ventral and dorsal part of leaves have a rough texture. Until you know the cause, it’s hard to know how to treat the problem. This would not be an unusual time for the cedar elms to start turning for the winter. Slippery Elm Leaves. These trees present a distinct, appealing aroma and delicate-looking foliage. As the tree gets really large it has a tendency to drop fairly large limbs during wind storms. Mistletoe will attack cedar elms that are in stress and poor health. These are very hardy trees, and once established, are drought tolerant with low to moderate water requirements. Cedar Elm Diseases. Elm grows best in well-drained soil in hedgerows and woodland. You can differentiate the two by rubbing a few of their leaves. Elm trees belong to the Ulmaceae family, particularly in the genus called Ulmus.This genus consists of 35 different species ranging from ornamental shade trees to forest trees. It has been commonly used as a street tree in the desert southwest due to its ability to survive in difficult soil types with very little care. Affected trees should be destroyed. Cedar Elms grow to be large specimens, reaching 90 feet tall and 80 feet wide. The winged elm gets its name from the very broad, warty growths, thin and wing-like, that grow along its branches. Wetwood is caused by a bacterial infection that attacks the sapwood and heartwood of stressed trees by entering through wounds in the bark. Other Roots: surface roots are usually not a problem Winter interest: no special winter interest Outstanding tree: not particularly outstanding Invasive potential: little, if any, potential at this time Verticillium wilt susceptibility: susceptible The bark is grayish pink that becomes grooved as the tree matures. It might be decaying of its roots, infecting leaves, causing yellowish color, mushy spots and holes or infecting its stem. The leaves of the tree will also wilt. This is one of the common afflictions that Cedar Elms are prone to here in Central Texas and the end of a hot summer is prime time for them. Pests and diseases cause harm to the plant. The cedar elm is native to the North American south. 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