of the same type of feed. Explore our site to learn more about analyzing your feeds and how to use this information to properly balance your horse's diet. Generally all parts of the plant are highly toxic and lethal if eaten in small quantities. Testing hay and haylage is crucial for horses prone to laminitis as the only way to tell if the sugar and starch level … The website even walks you through how to properly take a sample. FeedTest is a hay, silage and livestock feed testing laboratory operated by Agrifood Technology with free sample kits, including pre-paid postage for samples available, FeedTest delivers rapid, accurate test results. of the same type of feed. Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. May 7, 2020 | Extension adapters are available for deeper sampling. NIRS is usually less expensive and may be available overnight. As an international leader, our goal is to provide you with analytical services designed to meet the expanding demands of modern agriculture. Often times you can borrow a hay probe from your local extension office. Plants causing liver disease and photosensitization (sensitivity to sunlight) are often grouped together, as photosensitivity is often a secondary symptom of liver disease cause by poisonous plants. The Dairy One Forage Lab excels in providing you with high quality analyses and customer service. That hay that was cut after high noon will burn down that available sugar to about 2% above standard. Protein hay can be a great alternative to feeding hay. This warm-season grass measures at the low end of the normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring between 4.7 percent and 10.9 percent. Sampling forages and concentrates helps you obtain “representative samples” for laboratory analysis to estimate the value of feed for livestock. Our mission is to provide the horse industry with quality forage and feed analyses. Call the lab prior to taking the sample. What do I need to take a hay sample? However, animals typically will not readily eat these unpalatable plants, unless no other forage is available. “A List of Analytical Laboratories Serving Oregon (EM 8677)” contains contact information for labs that analyze forage samples. For square bales, take one core from one end of each bale sampled. It should be tested. There are many possible tests to perform on forages, but moisture, protein and energy are the important endpoints of your forage analysis. Article. But you cannot tell the sugar content by type of hay or a particular cutting of hay. This can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day. This means that you should sub-sample around 10% of the total bales in the lot from a minimum of 10 corings and/or hand grabs. “Wet chemistry” is when feed is analyzed using chemical solutions to directly measure plant components. The best technique for sampling baled hay is to use a mechanical coring probe. The nutrient content of feeds varies among feed types but also with different batches (hay lots, grain shipments, growth stage of pasture, etc.) Ask the lab to run the required analyses to give you this basic information. Some grasses can be palatable when young, but can cause injury to the nose, eyes, mouth and ears of grazing animals when plants mature with long awns. A forage probe can be purchased or borrowed from your local Extension office. Light rain has an upside. It is important to identify the sample by date, cutting, forage or concentrate type, pasture location and owner before shipping the sample to the lab. Monitoring is a process that land managers can use to assess how management decisions affect rangeland and natural resource health. This publication represents a synthesis of what is known about the history, biology, ecology and management of western juniper. Low Carb - Low Sugar Hay For Metabolic Horses & Foundering Ponies. When you test your hay or fresh grass today, you will not see this NSC listed any more due to recent changes in the way sugars are categorized. “Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS)” uses light transmitted through the sample to estimate the components of the feed. Discuss the use of wet chemistry vs. NIRS with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical lab. This is usually the round side of a round hay bale or the small end of a square bale. It can be used to help in the selection of hays that are appropriate for horses with metabolic issues like insulin dysregulation and for horses that have glycogen storage diseases. It is made of stainless steel with a replaceable hardened steel cutting tip. Before you add the yeast, you need to test the must to determine if any additions/corrections are needed. The higher sugar content of clover hay improves its palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch. The assay extracts simple sugars, disaccharides, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans, but should minimize the extraction of polysaccharides. Many plants have characteristic that can cause injury to grazing animals. This was Meadow Grass hay I … In those cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. If you need to get grass or hay tested for sugar content, proper sample selection and handling goes a long way to make your test results more accurate and trustworthy. Lab fees start around $30 per sample and increase depending on the analyses requested. These plants are not generally palatable and are typically avoided. The sample should be representative of the hay composition. Mylen Bohle, David Hannaway, Andy Hulting, Karin Neff | Hay harvested from a field that didn’t get much water may also be high in sugar content. If … Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. 1. To compensate, more hay needs to be consumed. Free shipping on qualified orders over $60! The probe should have a diameter of 3/8 to 3/4 inch. The non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentration in hay is a general measurement of the sugar, starch and fructan concentration in forage. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity We have had a horse grazing on our approx. WSC plus starch = NSC. Chronic poisoning over time causes loss of nerve function while acute poisoning causes death. Individual producers, agriservice personnel, consultants, veterinarians, universities, and zoos are among the many types of people and organizations satisfying their analytical needs at Dairy One. Even … It is a subset of WSC. Hand samples do not provide consistently reliable results. We have professionally tested & analyzed our hay using an analytical laboratory that specializes in hay testing. I certainly wouldn’t aim to have freshly cut hay get rained on but if yours … Dec 2019 | Standard analyses include: A periodic analysis of basic mineral content is also helpful. Phone: (515) 294-5260, Measurement Procedure for Horses and Ponies, Management and Care of Scurry Driving Equine Teams. 18.4 + .5 = 18.9 High sugars and starch. Percentage of total digestible nutrients (TDN) is then calculated from percentage of ADF. Testing the must for sugar content, PH, and TA 05/09/2012. New technology an… Farmer testing his baled hay with a mechanical coring probe. Animals typically will not readily eat plants with pyrrolizidine alkaloids, unless no other forage is available. Shelby Filley | Large amounts of data from many reference samples are required in order to make accurate equations but not all laboratories have compiled the necessary data for accuracy. 2… Iowa State University of Science and Technology. The probe must be disassembled and emptied between each core. Here’s why: Growing Farms: An Introduction to Pasture and Grazing Management is a free online course for livestock producers. Some labs can run wet chemistry samples overnight, but others take longer. The sample should be as representative of the composition of the hay bales as possible. Due to the increased cost associated with nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when truly needed. Very rarely will you get a grape that naturally has the required balance of acids, sugars, and pH necessary to create a harmonious wine. Annual event included classes ranging from composting to water rights and well-water management, and small engine maintenance to wildlife management. An older method of obtaining forage samples is the hand grab technique. Pulling hand-grab samples from bales or windrows. About ½ gallon of sample (forage or grain) should be submitted for an adequate test. A list of hay probe distributors is provided in our Forage Probe Listing. A hay probe is the only way to obtain a representative sample from individual bales of hay. The sugar keeps accumulating because the grass can’t use it up.” Testing Grass Contact usAsk an expertFind your county Extension officeReport a website issue, OSU Extension is part of the division of Extension and Engagement.Copyright © 1995-2020 Oregon State University | Web disclaimer/privacy  |  Equal opportunity/accessibility, Plants Causing Nitrate & Oxalate Poisoning in Pastures, Plants Causing Liver Disease & Sunlight Sensitivity in Pastures, Plants Causing Cyanide Poisoning in Pastures, Plants Affecting Cardiovascular Health in Pastures, Plants Causing Physical Injury in Pastures, Improving calf performance by extending the grazing season with warm grasses and brassica forages, OSU Extension offers new resource for pasture and grazing management, Grazed Cover Cropping, Drew Leitch (Farmer to Farmer Case Study Series), Biology, Ecology, and Management of Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis), Oregonians learn homesteading at Rural Living Day, Commercial fishing, crabbing and clamming, Local, regional and community food systems, A List of Analytical Laboratories Serving Oregon (EM 8677). Chris Branam | The sugar content of feeds and hay is evaluated based on the starch and ethanol soluble carbohydrate -- also called simple sugars -- content. An Inland Northwest farmer has been trialing spring and fall-seeded cover cropping for cow-calf grazing and the effects on the following grain crops. Push the sharp tip 12 to 18 inches into the bale at a 90-degree angle. This method is a well-recognized and accepted way to measure the components of feed. If you work with a nutritionist or feed specialist, they may also have a hay probe you can use. A sample is obtained by drilling with a brace. Ames, IA 50011 Penn State Forage Sampler probes can be ordered from Nasco, 901 Janesville Avenue, P.O. Colour – The ideal colour for hay is a bright green colour. There are two ways you can take hay samples: with a hay probe or by hand. Oct 2018 | Testing is a good starting point for determining sugar content in hay, but caution should be used to ensure that a representative sample is taken. Aug 2019 | All rights reserved. Be sure and discuss the use of wet chemistry vs. NIRS with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical lab before you decide which method to use. However, analyses completed even after the ration is consumed can detect seasonal differences that may influence future use. We send samples for nutritional analysis to the United States of America because at this time no lab in the UK is carrying out appropriate analysis of sugar and starch for determining forage suitability for horses, particularly those with a metabolic state (good doer) which might mean that they are laminitis prone. Just looking at a forage sample or knowing the species will not give you an estimate of sugar content. Article. Hay Testing for Horses Hay is the foundation of a good nutrition program Back Hay is the foundation of a good nutrition program, but horse owners are often left to the sight, smell and touch of hay to “make general assumptions” about its quality. Forage testing labs are not yet testing specifically for this sugar but it is possible to get an idea of the fructan content of your grass hay by subtracting the ESC value from the WSC value. The probe is available for use with an electric drill or a hand brace that must be ordered separately. Announcements on educational programs and important news & notices for western Oregon producers of beef cattle, sheep and goats, plus forages to support these livestock. Accuracy depends largely on the sampling method and lab technique. Iowa State University of Science and Technology. It is a subset of WSC. Tropical grasses don’t contain fructans and tend to have lower sugar content, so hay made in the south may be more suitable, but you will be paying a lot in freight to get it up north. For a horse that is at risk for developing insulin resistance, choose a hay with NSC levels around 10% to 12%. Educational gallery. Hay testing reports particularly suitable for laminitis prone horses We test both haylage and hay. Box 901, Fort Atkinson, WI 53538­0901 (Phone: 414­563­2446). Apr 2018 | Buy probes and meters to accurately test hay and grain moisture content to control mold and assess nutritional value. We have experts in family and health, community development, food and agriculture, coastal issues, forestry, programs for young people, and gardening. Forages may be sampled as hay or standing pasture. Brown = sugar. Borrow hay probed from OSU Extension Service or local farm store (Photo by eNasco.com). It is important to identify the sample by date, cutting, forag… While there have been some conflicting research results, washing hay for 30 to 60 minutes in cold or preferably hot water can reduce the sugar content of some hay. This collection has information on soil testing and ferilizing, renovation. 6 acre field which is normally cut for mixed grass hay. Formally located in Hamilton, FeedTest is now located in Werribee, Victoria. just after sunrise is as low as the "sugar" content will be all day. The tube is 18 inches long and cuts a three-quarter-inch core. Penetrate the bale of hay with a hay probe, also known as a hay corer. Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC)-- the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. Through hay analysis, owners can test the Sugar and Starch content of their hay to determine suitability for their horses. Other analyses are nitrate nitrogen and trace mineral composition. Cutting your hay after this stage risks a decline in quality due to the fact that as the plant continues to grow it will increase in fibre content and decrease in sugar content. Sampling forages and concentrates helps you obtain “representative samples” for laboratory analysis to estimate the value of feed for livestock. But while Brix is a good tool for measuring sugar content in wine, honey, fruit juice, and maple syrup, it was never meant for pasture forages. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. The serrated edge of the probe is placed on the side of a hay bale that is most resistant to puncture. Accuracy depends largely on the sampling method and lab technique. This group of plants contain cyanogenic glycosides that are converted to hydrogen cyanide or prussic acid when the plant cells are damaged. State & National Extension Partners, Equine Science Here is a link to a great hay testing lab, Equi-Analytical. Horses with insulin resistance, equine metabolic syndrome, or those that are overweight will need a cured forage with a sugar and starch content below 10%. E-mail: forage@dairyone.com, Copyright © 1995-var d = new Date(); var n = d.getFullYear(); document.write(n); Some plants absorb excess nitrates or oxalates from the soil and store them in plant tissues. All rights reserved. Collection. This fraction is generally used to evaluate one set of carbohydrates in a feed that will induce a high glycemic response. I figure my hay at 3 PM the sugar content will be 4% higher. For hays with higher NSC levels you can soak the hay for 15 to 60 minutes to reduce the sugar levels. 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