If you do that long enough, you can get quite good at it; there have been mornings when I hit the “snooze” button 15 or more times in a row, pushing back my wake-up time by as much as 2 hours. [20][44][45], In addition to the theft of data, the attack caused costly inconvenience to tens of thousands of SolarWinds customers, who had to check whether they had been breached, and had to take systems offline and begin months-long decontamination procedures as a precaution. "[37][125], On December 20, Democratic senator Mark Warner, briefed on the incident by intelligence officials, said "all indications point to Russia. [217], The Linux Foundation pointed out that if Orion had been open source, users would have been able to audit it, including via reproducible builds, making it much more likely that the malware payload would have been spotted. "[35] On December 18, the United Kingdom National Cyber Security Centre said that it was still establishing the attacks' impact on the UK. [229] On December 19, Trump publicly addressed the attacks for the first time; he downplayed the hack, contended that the media had overblown the severity of the incident, said that "everything is well under control"; and proposed, without evidence, that China, rather than Russia, might be responsible for the attack. [82][93] FireEye named the malware SUNBURST. (14 December 2020). [20] On December 7, 2020, the NSA published an advisory warning customers to apply the patches because the vulnerabilities were being actively exploited by Russian state-sponsored attackers. [69][70] That same day, two private equity firms with ties to SolarWinds's board sold substantial amounts of stock in SolarWinds. The article title will have to change as more info is released.--vityok 10:47, 18 December 2020 (UTC) It is increasingly looking like 2020 international data breach will be the right title. [78][91] If able to contact one of those servers, this would alert the attackers of a successful malware deployment and offer the attackers a back door that the attackers could choose to utilise if they wished to exploit the system further. [64][66][210], Around January 5, 2021, SolarWinds investors filed a class action lawsuit against the company in relation to its security failures and subsequent fall in share price. Their statement asserted that the attackers were “ likely Russian in origin,” but they failed to provide evidence to back up that claim. Senator Richard J. Durbin (D-IL) described the attack as tantamount to a declaration of war. [48][3] President Donald Trump was silent for days after the attack, before spuriously suggesting that China, not Russia, might have been responsible for it, and that "everything is well under control". SolarWinds Breach Some mornings, when your alarm clock fires off, you just roll over and slap the “snooze” button. [45][128] Senatory Wyden said that the briefing showed that the Treasury "still does not know all of the actions taken by hackers, or precisely what information was stolen". [61] In November 2019, a security researcher had warned SolarWinds that their FTP server was not secure, warning that "any hacker could upload malicious [files]" that would then be distributed to SolarWinds customers. With shared cloud resources and managed services, serious security breaches can have ripple effects across different and disparate systems and organizations. [104][105][106] FireEye was believed to be a target of the SVR, Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service. [1][5][36], The cyberattack that led to the federal breaches began no later than March 2020. If you think about data that is only available to the CEO, or data that is only available to IT services, [the attacker would get] all of this data. [35] Within days of its discovery, at least 200 organizations around the world had been reported to be affected by the attack, and some of these may also have suffered data breaches. A few hours ago I reported on the hack of the U.S. Treasury Department and another U.S. Department of Commerce agency (see US Treasury and US NTIA hacked). [29][229][46] Russell Brandom, policy editor for The Verge, called the U.S. ill-prepared for the hack, and criticized Trump for having consistently "treated the federal cybersecurity effort as one more partisan battleground, with attacks and vulnerabilities embraced or rejected largely on the basis of their value as a political cudgel"; Brandom wrote that "this is no way to run the world’s most powerful intelligence apparatus. It is often tempting to infer an attacker’s intent from their chosen targets, and in this case, such conclusions are warranted. [15][16][17] A supply chain attack on SolarWinds's Orion software, widely used in government and industry, provided another avenue, if the victim used that software. [11][12] Throughout this time, the White House lacked a cybersecurity coordinator, Trump having eliminated the post itself in 2018. [114][9][25] U.S. officials stated that the specific groups responsible were probably the SVR or Cozy Bear (also known as APT29). [212], SolarWinds unpublished its featured customer list after the hack,[213] although as of December 15, cybersecurity firm GreyNoise Intelligence said SolarWinds had not removed the infected software updates from its distribution server. [9] On December 13, 2020, CISA issued an emergency directive asking federal agencies to disable the SolarWinds software, to reduce the risk of additional intrusions, even though doing so would reduce those agencies' ability to monitor their computer networks. [22][103] Using VirusTotal, The Intercept discovered continued indicators of compromise in December 2020, suggesting that the attacker might still be active in the network of the city government of Austin, Texas. [215][216] Soon after, SolarWinds hired a new cybersecurity firm co-founded by Krebs. But this is a stealthy operation. [76] The attackers accessed the build system belonging to the software company SolarWinds, possibly via SolarWinds's Microsoft Office 365 account, which had also been compromised at some point. [21][113], SolarWinds said it believed the malware insertion into Orion was performed by a foreign nation. [21][45][46], In addition to the theft of data, the attack caused costly inconvenience to tens of thousands of SolarWinds customers, who had to check whether they had been breached, and had to take systems offline and begin months-long decontamination procedures as a precaution. [20][21] As of December 18, 2020, while it was definitively known that the Sunburst trojan would have provided suitable access to exploit the VMware bugs, it was not yet definitively known whether attackers had in fact chained those two exploits in the wild. [22][14][8][17], At least one reseller of Microsoft cloud services was compromised by the attackers, constituting a supply chain attack that allowed the attackers to access Microsoft cloud services used by the reseller's customers. [ German ]Security vendor Malwarebytes has now also announced that its Office 365 and Azure systems have been hacked by the same attacker responsible for the SolarWinds attacks. SolarWinds released its first products, Trace Route and Ping Sweep, earlier in March 1998 and released its first web-based network performancemonitoring application in November 2001. In addition, it became known that the SOLARBURST hackers had access to e-mail accounts of the U.S. Department of Justice. ソーラーウィンズ・インク(SolarWinds, Inc)は、ネットワーク・マネージメント・ソフトウェアの開発会社である。 1998年設立。 テキサス州 オースティンに本社を置く米国のITベン … Homeland Security, thousands of businesses scramble after suspected Russian hack", "Why the US government hack is literally keeping security experts awake at night", "DoJ says SolarWinds hackers breached its Office 365 system and read email", "SolarWinds Likely Hacked at Least One Year Before Breach Discovery", "Suspected Russian hackers spied on U.S. Treasury emails – sources", "EXPLAINER: How bad is the hack that targeted US agencies? [88][3][99], Vulnerabilities in VMware Access and VMware Identity Manager, allowing existing network intruders to pivot and gain persistence, were utilized in 2020 by Russian state-sponsored attackers. [218], On December 18, 2020, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that some details of the event would likely be classified so as not to become public. [99] By using command-and-control IP addresses based in the U.S., and because much of the malware involved was new, the attackers were able to evade detection by Einstein, a national cybersecurity system operated by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). ", United States federal government data breach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2020_United_States_federal_government_data_breach&oldid=1002334779, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, United States, United Kingdom, Spain, Israel, United Arab Emirates, Canada, Mexico, others, U.S. federal government, state and local governments, and private sector, Court documents, including sealed case files, Before October 2019 (start of supply chain compromise), March 2020 (possible federal breach start date), This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 23:11. [218], On December 24, 2020, CISA said state and local government networks, in addition to federal ones, and other organizations, had been impacted by the attack, but did not provide further details. The attackers exploited flaws in Microsoft products, services, and software distribution infrastructure. [21] VMware released patches on December 3, 2020. The hack began as early as March when malicious code was snuck into updates to popular software that monitors computer networks of businesses and governments. [78][1] Because Orion was connected to customers' Office 365 accounts as a trusted 3rd-party application, the attackers were able to access emails and other confidential documents. [1] Within days, additional federal departments were found to have been breached. The hacking group Cozy Bear (APT29), backed by the Russian intelligence agency SVR, was identified as the cyberattackers. [22][23] This allowed them to access additional credentials necessary to assume the privileges of any legitimate user of the network, which in turn allowed them to compromise Microsoft Office 365 email accounts. [237], On December 22, 2020, Biden said that, "I see no evidence that it's under control," and reported that his transition team was still being denied access to some briefings about the attack by Trump administration officials. [8][9] Russian-sponsored hackers were suspected to be responsible. [65][111], The security community shifted its attention to Orion. (Redirected from SolarWinds hack) The 2020 United States federal government data breach occurred in 2020, when a group backed by a foreign government, probably Cozy Bear backed by the Russian state agency SVR, performed a cyberattack on multiple parts of the federal government of the United States, resulting in a data breach. [128], On December 8, 2020, before other organizations were known to have been breached, FireEye published countermeasures against the red team tools that had been stolen from FireEye. "[236] Biden said he has instructed his transition team to study the breach, will make cybersecurity a priority at every level of government, and will identify and penalize the attackers. [55][56][57] Also at that time, the DHS, which manages CISA, lacked a Senate-confirmed Secretary, Deputy Secretary, General Counsel, Undersecretary for Intelligence and Analysis, and Undersecretary for Management; and Trump had recently forced out the Deputy Director of CISA. [67][139][90] Possible future uses could include attacks on hard targets like the CIA and NSA,[how? [220] The committee's vice-chairman, Mark Warner, criticized President Trump for failing to acknowledge or react to the hack. [8][38][54] This attack apparently used counterfeit identity tokens of some kind, allowing the attackers to trick Microsoft's authentication systems. [23][24] This was reported to CISA, who issued an alert on October 22, 2020, specifically warning state, local, territorial and tribal governments to search for indicators of compromise, and instructing them to rebuild their networks from scratch if compromised. slt2021 4 days ago. [138] He added that the amount of data taken was likely to be many times greater than during Moonlight Maze, and if printed would form a stack far taller than the Washington Monument. [14][15][74], Attackers were found to have broken into Microsoft Office 365 in a way that allowed them to monitor NTIA and Treasury staff emails for several months. [249] He pointed out that an escalatory response to espionage would be counterproductive for U.S. interests, whereas finally strengthening the defenses and drawing clear red lines in the gray areas of cyber-conflict policy would be more fruitful strategies. [58][59][60] Numerous federal cybersecurity recommendations made by the Government Accountability Office and others had not been implemented. [77][61][66][67], The attackers established a foothold in SolarWinds's software publishing infrastructure no later than September 2019. [126][127][128], On January 5, 2021, CISA, the FBI, the NSA, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, all confirmed that they believe Russia was the most likely culprit.[130][131][132]. But what's this? [23][24], Additionally, a flaw in Microsoft's Outlook Web App may have allowed attackers to bypass multi-factor authentication. [146][147], Through a manipulation of software keys, Russian hackers were able to access the email systems used by the Treasury Department's highest-ranking officials. [48] The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) advised that affected devices be rebuilt from trusted sources, and that all credentials exposed to SolarWinds software should be considered compromised and should therefore be reset. [20][21], During 2019 and 2020, cybersecurity firm Volexity discovered an attacker making suspicious usage of Microsoft products within the network of a think tank whose identity has not publicly been revealed. [51][52] When the breach was discovered, the U.S. also lacked a Senate-confirmed Director of CISA, the nation's top cybersecurity official, responsible for coordinating incident response. "[226], Former Homeland Security Advisor Thomas P. Bossert said, "President Trump is on the verge of leaving behind a federal government, and perhaps a large number of major industries, compromised by the Russian government," and noted that congressional action, including via the National Defense Authorization Act would be required to mitigate the damage caused by the attacks. [8] Once the proof had been established, the attackers spent December 2019 to February 2020 setting up a command-and-control infrastructure. [224] On December 19, Trump publicly addressed the attacks for the first time; he downplayed the hack, contended that the media had overblown the severity of the incident, said that "everything is well under control"; and proposed, without evidence, that China, rather than Russia, might be responsible for the attack. [153][149], On December 22, 2020, after U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told reporters that he was "completely on top of this", the Senate Finance Committee was briefed by Microsoft that dozens of Treasury email accounts had been breached, and the attackers had accessed systems of the Treasury's Departmental Offices division, home to top Treasury officials. ", "Russia's Hack Wasn't Cyberwar. Russia was first named in the Washington Post and the New York Times on December 13, on the same day that FireEye and SolarWinds announced the alleged hack. [13] Later, in June and July 2020, Volexity observed the attacker utilising the SolarWinds Orion trojan; i.e. [124][123][121][230][231] He speculated, without evidence, that the attack might also have involved a "hit" on voting machines, part of a long-running campaign by Trump to falsely assert that he won the 2020 election. The company was co-founded by Donald Yonce (a former executive at Walmart ) and his brother David Yonce. This is classic espionage. [9][138] Commentators said that the information stolen in the attack would increase the perpetrator's influence for years to come. SolarWinds was officially founded in 1999 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and (as of 2009) had maintained profitability since its founding. "Microsoft president calls SolarWinds hack an "act of recklessness " ". [79][112][82], Subsequent analysis of the SolarWinds compromise using DNS data and reverse engineering of Orion binaries, by DomainTools and ReversingLabs respectively, revealed additional details about the attacker's timeline. [22], On December 18, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Russia was "pretty clearly" responsible for the cyber attack. [211][154], GoDaddy handed ownership to Microsoft of a command-and-control domain used in the attack, allowing Microsoft to activate a killswitch in the Sunburst malware, and to discover which SolarWinds customers were infected. The magnitude of the hacking, now believed to have affected more than 250 federal agencies and businesses — ­primarily through … Ars Technica. [109][110], After discovering that attack, FireEye reported it to the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA), a federal agency responsible for helping to defend the U.S. from cyberattacks. "[36] On December 18, the United Kingdom National Cyber Security Centre said that it was still establishing the attacks' impact on the UK. [1][28][29] The hacking group Cozy Bear (APT29), backed by the Russian intelligence agency SVR, was identified as the likely culprit. [137], Even where data was not exfiltrated, the impact was significant. [20][112], SolarWinds said it believed the malware insertion into Orion was performed by a foreign nation. [216][51] The U.S. Cyber Command threatened swift retaliation against the attackers, pending the outcome of investigations. [233][234], In January 2021, Biden named appointees for two relevant White House positions: Elizabeth Sherwood-Randal as homeland security adviser, and Anne Neuberger as deputy national security adviser for cyber and emerging technology. [5], Simply downloading a compromised version of Orion was not necessarily sufficient to result in a data breach; further investigation was required in each case to establish whether a breach resulted. [238][239], The attack prompted a debate on whether the hack should be treated as cyber-espionage, or as a cyberattack constituting an act of war. [241] Erica Borghard of the Atlantic Council and Columbia's Saltzman Institute and Jacquelyn Schneider of the Hoover Institution and Naval War College argued that the breach was an act of espionage that could be responded to with "arrests, diplomacy, or counterintelligence" and had not yet been shown to be a cyberattack, a classification that would legally allow the U.S. to respond with force. [227][228], The Administrative Office of the United States Courts initiated an audit, with DHS, of the U.S. Judiciary's Case Management/Electronic Case Files (CM/ECF) system. [223], On December 24, 2020, CISA said state and local government networks, in addition to federal ones, and other organizations, had been impacted by the attack, but did not provide further details. UBS analyst Karl Keirstead, who has a buy rating and a $243 price target, said while Microsoft MSFT, +0.44% products were leveraged by hackers in the attack […] The attacker’s post compromise activity leverages multiple techniques to evade detection and obscure their activity, but these efforts also offer some opportunities for detection. U.S. and private sector investigators have spent the holidays combing through logs to try to understand whether their data has been stolen or modified. [68][69] That same day, two private equity firms with ties to SolarWinds's board sold substantial amounts of stock in SolarWinds. [141] Anti-malware companies additionally advised searching log files for specific indicators of compromise. [244], By contrast, Microsoft president Brad Smith termed the hack a cyberattack,[241] stating that it was "not 'espionage as usual,' even in the digital age" because it was "not just an attack on specific targets, but on the trust and reliability of the world's critical infrastructure. [64][110], The security community shifted its attention to Orion. [14], Also in 2020, Microsoft detected attackers using Microsoft Azure infrastructure in an attempt to access emails belonging to CrowdStrike. [80], On December 12, 2020, a National Security Council (NSC) meeting was held at the White House to discuss the breach of federal organizations. [78][62][67][68], The attackers established a foothold in SolarWinds's software publishing infrastructure no later than September 2019. [93][90], The attackers appear to have utilized only a small fraction of the successful malware deployments: ones located within computer networks belonging to high-value targets. [57][58][59] Numerous federal cybersecurity recommendations made by the Government Accountability Office and others had not been implemented. [12][44][83][84][85] These users included U.S. government customers in the executive branch, the military, and the intelligence services (see Impact section, below). SolarWinds products with SunBurst backdoor They also stated that because deterrence may not effectively discourage cyber-espionage attempts by threat actors, the U.S. should also focus on making cyber-espionage less successful through methods such as enhanced cyber-defenses, better information-sharing, and "defending forward" (reducing Russian and Chinese offensive cyber-capabilities). The SolarWinds hack is among the most ambitious cyber operations ever disclosed, compromising at least half-a-dozen federal agencies and potentially thousands of companies and other institutions. [1] Other prominent U.S. organisations known to use SolarWinds products, though not necessarily Orion, were the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Boeing, and most Fortune 500 companies. [4][96][97] Having accessed data of interest, they encrypted and exfiltrated it. [113][8][24] U.S. officials stated that the specific groups responsible were probably the SVR or Cozy Bear (also known as APT29). Then we will talk a little bit more about Election fallout and how this hack might have something to […] This is a much bigger story than one single agency. [1][137] These investigations were complicated by: the fact that the attackers had in some cases removed evidence;[72] the need to maintain separate secure networks as organizations' main networks were assumed to be compromised;[72] and the fact that Orion was itself a network monitoring tool, without which users had less visibility of their networks. Here, too, the attackers used a supply chain attack. This system, although unclassified, is highly sensitive because of the Treasury Department's role in making decisions that move the market, as well as decisions on economic sanctions and interactions with the Federal Reserve. "[51] Esquire commentator Charles P. Pierce criticized the Trump administration for being "asleep at the switch" and termed Trump a "crooked, incompetent agent of chaos. [250], www.mobilewiki.org Solarwinds hack Solarwinds hack. Because of all those sensational and sometimes conflicting MSM news reports, it’s evident that the American people are being subjected to yet another major psychological operation in 2020. "[53] Fred Kaplan, writing in Slate, criticized Trump for promoting fake claims of election fraud while "ignoring a real cybersecurity crisis," writing: "For all of Trump's wailing about fictitious hacks that stole the election, he has been otherwise notably uncurious about the nation's cybersecurity. [76][1], The attackers hosted their command-and-control servers on commercial cloud services from Amazon, Microsoft, GoDaddy and others. The Russian government hackers who breached a top cybersecurity firm are behind a global espionage campaign that also compromised the Treasury and Commerce departments and other government agencies, according to people familiar with the matter, … [26][25] The cyberattack and data breach were reported to be among the worst cyber-espionage incidents ever suffered by the U.S., due to the sensitivity and high profile of the targets and the long duration (eight to nine months) in which the hackers had access. [127][128][129], On January 5, 2021, CISA, the FBI, the NSA, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, all confirmed that they believe Russia was the most likely culprit.[131][132][133]. [11][43] Flaws in Microsoft and VMWare products allowed the attackers to access emails and other documents,[22][23][13][14] and to perform federated authentication across victim resources via single sign-on infrastructure. 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